Finding a New Job in Australia
By Sue Ellson
In the past, most decision makers would have been using Recruitment Agents, newspaper advertisements and their personal networks or referrals to find new recruits for their business.
Believe it or not, up to 85% of business is still done by referral and the best recruits are those that have been referred to a business!
Now, there are many more choices:
- Recruitment and Search Firms
- Personal Contacts and Networks
- Referrals (Someone referred you)
- Internal Promotions
- Job Boards (Generalist)
- Print Media, Newspapers and Magazines
- Job Boards (Niche and Specialist)
- Employer Websites
- Cold Calling
- Social Networking Sites (e.g. LinkedIn)
- Alumni and Professional Associations
- Job and Career Fairs
- Head Hunted (approached by company)
- Social Media (e.g. blogs)
What does this mean for newcomers, expatriates, skilled migrants and repatriates looking for work in Australia?
After helping hundreds of people in their job search process in Australia since 2001, I still like to remind people that the job search process needs to begin BEFORE arriving in Australia.
That is why I originally wrote the Pre Departure Employment Jobs Kit that was revised and republished as the Jobs and Careers Kit. This led to the publication of my three books – 120 Ways To Achieve Your Purpose With LinkedIn, 120 Ways To Attract The Right Career Or Business and 120 Ways to Market Your Business Hyper Locally. These items are listed on our Publications page.
I have also stated for many years that the first thing you must know is what type of job you want (if you don’t then please pay and get some help to find out what you do want to do with a Career Development professional either in an Outplacement firm that specialises in your industry or with a practitioner of the Career Development Association of Australia) and then you need to find a suitable mentor or advocate to help you find it (this may include paying a professional to assist you – but make a good effort to source a good quality service if you go down this path – I recommend that you pay by the hour rather than a high priced package over many months).
What I have also found works particularly well for new arrivals is:
1. Revise your resume or curriculum vitae (CV) and LinkedIn Profile to meet the Australian market expectations (this can take several attempts and can require industry specific adjustment from a qualified professional)
2. Gain some relevant Australian experience (this may include doing some short term voluntary work – but aim to have it in either your preferred career role or industry) – do not worry if you are not earning money or working at the same level you have previously, you can just reduce the ‘gap’ in your resume by getting some Australian work experience.
3. Develop your work and personal networks in Australia but also keep in touch with your overseas networks. Quite often, referrals made through people, wherever they live in the world, lead to better quality outcomes than what you know or who you know. The person who refers you already has a well established relationship with the person and this can then transfer an implied quality when they hear from you.
4. Establish multiple job search strategies. It is not enough to wait for the right job to be advertised and then apply using your standard resume. You need to have your well written resume with as many key words as possible loaded into relevant databases (like industry/career relevant recruiters, and professional networks), you need to subscribe to job alerts from major and niche job boards and preferred employers, you need to get out and about and attend relevant events and you may also need to gain some Australian qualifications on a part time basis.
5. Understand that whilst you may have been earning a significantly higher income in your previous location, the local market rates in Australia may be lower. Do your research and find out what is a similar type of role and if necessary, consider a position that may be less than your previous role, not because you cannot do it but because you will need some time to learn the Australian workplace culture (which is significantly different despite the fact that we are an English speaking country – and it is also very dynamic as we are also developing a more multicultural workforce). You may also find that the culture differs each time you move to a new employer. Most people will find themselves in a similar level type of role within two years of arriving in Australia.
6. If you are not successful in your search for a role similar to what you have done in the past, consider the option of changing careers or starting your own business. Newcomers and expatriates, by their very nature (being willing to move) are proactive people who are ready for a challenge and are often extremely successful at setting up their own enterprises in Australia, particularly when they complete good quality market research and bring new services or products to the market (but usually if they start off small and do it gradually over time).
7. Meet as many Australians as you can and ask questions to find out how they have found jobs, been successful in their careers or managed their personal lifestyle. If you ask a variety of people, you are more likely to be able to make an assessment of what may work well for you and your personal style. Also connect with other people from your location of origin – that way you can share stories, food and information about your past locations – most people enjoy reminiscing about their past every now and then.
8. Be ready to complete further work based training, coaching and performance review once you are in your new role. Remember that it usually takes at least six months to start feeling comfortable in a role and the report today indicated that most executives are moving on every two years.
9. In the initial phases, observe body language, tone of voice and general interest and if you feel people are either not listening, finding your conversation overwhelming or possibly even threatening (because they realise you are smarter than them and may ‘show them up’ on the job), decide how much information you will reveal now and how much you can reveal later (keeping your ‘cards’ close to your chest). Also be careful about how much personal information you share as some people have had this used against them.
10. Smile. It is a universal language that everyone understands. You may need to smile at your situation even – because it can be challenging to cope with disappointment if you are unsuccessful in securing the work you are seeking. Do some fun things but remain focused on finding work – allocating at least one hour every work day to finding work or doing something that will lead to work in the future. Do not get trapped on your computer, in front of the television or taking care of household matters.
The above advice applies to both men and women, younger and older, living anywhere in Australia. Our population is much smaller than many countries and it is really important to have a good strategy because you can quickly gain a bad reputation as many people know one another in particular fields.
Thanks to the internet, there is a wealth of information available online and government websites traditionally provide very good quality information. In the beginning, see if you can attend some free events so that you can ask people questions in person. If you are concerned about the quality of your English speaking, just talk more slowly and ask people to repeat something if you did not understand it the first time. Make sure that you complete the Australia Plus Business of English Training Videos.
In Australia, when people say ‘yes’ or ‘no’ it usually means ‘yes’ or ‘no.’ I am aware in other cultures, it is often customary to never say ‘no’ or even if you do say ‘yes’ it may not mean ‘yes.’ This can be very frustrating to an Australian born person. In most cities of Australia, if they say to meet at 10am, they mean 10am – so allow plenty of time to arrive and find the relevant office (allowing for any delays in travel times).
Finally, I hope you can treat the whole job hunting process as an adventure – a new terrain to be explored and that you can laugh at the funny moments and not be too disappointed by the more frustrating issues. Remember that you are in the company of many other new arrivals who have gone through the same trials and tribulations. If you keep taking action, it is very unlikely that you will remain ‘unemployed forever.’
Jobs Websites with a presence in Australia
Although up to 90% of jobs are never advertised, there are some websites that offer a range of job advertisements that you may like to look at, especially during the quieter months of December and January.
Indeed – a classified jobs advertisement aggregator
Neuvoo – a jobs advertisement aggregator that sources ads from company websites as well as classified jobs listings
LinkedIn Jobs – useful if you have a LinkedIn Profile and set it up so that jobs come to you
Seek – probably the most well known and popular classified jobs listing with additional careers resources
CareerOne – associated with News Limited (newspapers)
Adzuna – an amalgamation of the previous My Career and Jobs.com.au websites
jobactive powered by Job Search – Australian Government website with fact sheets and information on working in Australia
As mentioned above, we have a lot of Publications available that will be helpful for you to find a job and live, work and network in Australia. There are also a lot of free publications and presentations around this topic available on the SueEllson.com website. If you would like individualised, personalised assistance, you can contact Sue Ellson to find a job in Australia.
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